General Information and Study Design
We have studied people's attitudes, concerns and confidence regarding the COVID 19 pandemic in an online survey of representative samples of the population in terms of region, gender, age and education in seven European countries with more than 7,000 respondents in each wave. About 60% of the respondents in the first wave also took part in the second wave of the survey. The remaining sample consists of new respondents in order to ensure again the representativeness of the sample. The respondents were recruited using multi-sourced online panels from the Dynata market research company. The questionnaire was carefully designed by the authors to ask new and relevant questions while adopting some established measures, such as the concern items from the COVID 19 Snapshot Monitoring Project (WHO). Finally, the survey was translated into six additional languages by native speakers and then implemented using the Qualtrics platform.
The survey is carried out as a cooperation project between the Universities of Nova School of Business and Economics (Portugal), Bocconi University (Italy), Erasmus University Rotterdam (Netherlands) and the Hamburg Center for Health Economics, University of Hamburg.